Volume 37 Issue 4


Volume 37 Summer 2006 Number 4

Eighteenth ANNUAL ISSUE ON STATE
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Introduction G. Alan Tarr &
Robert F. Williams
877
foreward
Representation Without Party: Lessons from State Constitutional Attempts to Control Gerrymandering James A. Gardner  881
articles
The Right of Privacy in State Constitutions Jeffrey M. Shaman  971

Redistricting and the New Judicial Federalism: Reapportionment Litigation Under State Constitutions

David Schultz  1087
The Federal Constitutional Prohibition Against "Mid-Decade" Congressional Redistricting: Its State Constitutional Origins, Subsequent Development, and Tenuous Future Richard Gladden 1133
New Life for the "Criteria Tests" in State Constitutional Jurisprudence: "Gunwall is Dead--Long Live Gunwall!" Hugh D. Spitzer  1169
Subnational Constitution-Making in Southern Sudan Christiana Murray & Catherine Maywald 1203
developments in state constitutional law: 2005
PRIVACY--STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PRIVACY RIGHTS AGAINST PRIVATE EMPLOYERS: A "HAIRY" ISSUE IN ALASKA. Miller v. Safeway, Inc., 102 P.3d 282 (Alaska 2004). Ivo Becica 1235
EMINENT DOMAIN--THE SEATTLE POPULAR MONORAIL AUTHORITY'S CONDEMNATION OF A PRIVATE PARKING GARAGE FOR THE PURPOSE OF BUILDING A MONORAIL STATION DOES NOT VIOLATE THE EMINENT DOMAIN PROVISION OF THE WASHINGTON CONSTITUTION. HTK Management, L.L.C. v. Seattle Popular Monorail Authority, 121 P.3d 1166 (Wash. 2005).  Jas S. Dhillon 1251
CONFRONTATION CLAUSE--THE COLORADO CONFRONTATION CLAUSE DOES NOT BAR A VICTIM'S EXCITED UTTERANCES FROM BEING PRESENTED AS EVIDENCE WHEN THEY ARE NONTESTIMONIAL AND THE PROSECUTION DEMONSTRATES BOTH UNAVAILABILITY AND RELIABILITY. Compan v. People, 121 P.3d 876 (Colo. 2005).  Katrina Gibson 1267
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW--DUE PROCESS--STATISTICS AND CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION: JUSTIFICATION FOR THE WISCONSIN SUPREME COURT TO REINTERPRET ITS STATE CONSTITUTION REGARDING ADMISSIBILITY OF SHOW-UP IDENTIFICATIONS IN CRIMINAL TRIALS. State v. Dubose, 699 N.W.2d 582 (Wis. 2005).  Daniel J. Gillin 1287
DOUBLE JEOPARDY CLAUSE--THE MICHIGAN SUPREME COURT HOLDS THAT SUCCESSIVE STATE PROSECUTIONS FOR THE SAME CRIMINAL ACT DOES NOT VIOLATE THE STATE'S DOUBLE JEOPARDY CLAUSE. People v. Davis, 695 N.W.2d 45 (Mich. 2005).  Nicholas P. Grippo 1301
GAMBLING--VICE OR VIRTUE?: THE FEDERAL INDIAN GAMING REGULATORY ACT PREEMPTS THE NEW YORK CONSTITUTION'S BAN ON COMMERCIAL GAMBLING. Dalton v. Pataki, 835 N.E.2d 1180 (N.Y. 2005).  Wesley D. Huber 1317
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: PROPORTIONATE PENALTIES--JUDGING PROPORTIONALITY WITHOUT COMPARISON: A CRIMINAL DEFENDANT MAY NOT CHALLENGE A PENALTY UNDER THE PROPORTIONATE PENALTIES CLAUSE BY COMPARING IT TO THE PENALTIES FOR AN OFFENSE WITH DIFFERENT ELEMENTS. People v. Sharpe, 839 N.E.2d 492 (Ill. 2005).  Sean Kiley 1337
SEPARATION OF POWERS--THE WEST VIRGINIA SUPREME COURT OF APPEALS DECLARES NON-UNANIMOUS VERDICT PROVISION OF MEDICAL MALPRACTICE STATE AN UNCONSTITUTIONAL VIOLATION OF SEPARATION OF POWERS. Louk v. Cormier, 622 S.E.2d 788 (W. Va. 2005).  Shannon L. Klecko 1355
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW--INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS--FLORIDA JUVENILE CURFEW ORDINANCE HELD UNCONSTITUTIONAL BECAUSE THE CURFEWS WERE NOT NARROWLY TAILORED TO FURTHER AN ADMITTEDLY COMPELLING GOVERNMENTAL INTEREST. State v. J.P., 907 So. 2d 1101 (Fla. 2004).  Ellen Lubensky 1371
DUE PROCESS--DUE PROCESS PROTECTIONS AFFORDED BY ARTICLE I, SECTION 8 OF THE CONNECTICUT CONSTITUTION DO NOT EXCEED THOSE PROVIDED BY THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION PERTAINING TO THE ADMISSIBILITY OF EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATIONS OBTAINED BY UNNECESSARILY SUGGESTIVE SHOWUPS. State v. Ledbetter, 881 A.2d 290 (Conn. 2005).  Vincent Mekles 1403
FIRST AMENDMENT--FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION--ALASKA CONSTITUTION ALLOWS POLITICAL PARTIES TO USE COMBINED BALLOTS IN PRIMARY ELECTION. State v. Green Party of Alaska, 118 P.3d 1054 (Alaska 2005).  Julie M. Murphy 1423
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW--EQUAL PROTECTION--NO REAL BENEFITS. HOW THE MONTANA SUPREME COURT'S IMPROPER APPLICATION OF EQUAL PROTECTION ANALYSIS IN ESTABLISHING SAME-SEX INSURANCE BENEFITS CREATED MORE CONFUSION THAN IT RESOLVED. Snetsinger v. Montana University System, 104 P.3d 445 (Mont. 2004).  Ryan Murphy  1439
RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS--THE SUPREME COURT OF OREGAN CONCLUDES THAT OREGON STATUTE PROHIBITING FIREARM POSSESSION BY A FELON IS NOT UNCONSTITUTIONALLY OVERBROAD. State v. Hirsch, 114 P.3d 1104 (Or. 2005).  Charles Rome 1459
SEARCH AND SEIZURE--ARE PRIVACY RIGHTS THROWN OUT WITH THE TRASH? THE SOUTH DAKOTA SUPREME COURT DENIES EXTENDING A PRIVACY INTEREST TO TRASH. State v. Schwartz, 689 N.W.2d 430 (S.D. 2004).  Shimon Taub 1477
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE--JURY TRIAL--COLORADO CONSTITUTION GUARANTEES RIGHT TO A TWELVE-PERSON JURY IN FELONY, BUT NOT MISDEMEANOR, CRIMINAL CASES. People v. Rodriguez, 112 P.3d 693 (Colo. 2005).  Christopher Tomlin 1497
EQUAL PROTECTION--STATE BENEFIT PROGRAM OFFERED TO STATE EMPLOYEES' SPOUSES BUT NOT TO UNMARRIED EMPLOYEES' DOMESTIC PARTNERS WAS UNABLE TO WITHSTAND MINIMUM SCRUTINY UNDER THE ALASKA CONSTITUTION WHICH HAS HISTORICALLY GRANTED MORE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS THAN THE EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE UNDER THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION. Alaska Civil Liberties Union v. State, 122 P.3d 781 (Alaska 2005).  Jessica Wachstein 1513
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW--JUDICIAL BRANCH--SEPARATION OF POWERS AND THE NEED FOR AN INDEPENDENT JUDICIARY TO DEFEND AGAINST A DIRECT LEGISLATIVE ENCROACHMENT ON ITS AUTHORITY. Evans v. State, 872 A.2d 539 (Del. 2005).  Elyse H. Wallach  1529
FREE EXPRESSION--TOYING WITH FREE EXPRESSION: A STATUTE PROHIBITING "PUBLIC SEX SHOWS" VIOLATES THE FREE EXPRESSION CLAUSE OF THE OREGON CONSTITUTION. State v. Ciancanelli, 121 P.3d 613 (Or. 2005).  Rebecca D. Winkelstein 1545