Volume 40 Issue 4


Volume 40 Summer 2009 Number 4

introduction
INTRODUCTiON TO THE TWENTY-FIRST ANNUAL ISSUE ON STATE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Robert F. Williams 737
foreward
CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTIONAL CONUNDRUMS— STATE CONSTITUTIONAL QUIRKS EXPOSED BY THE SAME-SEX MARRIAGE EXPERIENCE Vikram David Amar 741
articles
SUBNATIONAL CONSTITUTIONS AND MINORITY RIGHTS: A PERSPECTIVE ON CANADIAN PROVINCIAL CONSTITUTIONALISM G. Alan Tarr 767
ARE STATE CONSTITUTIONS UN-AMERICAN? BOOK REVIEW, JEFFREY M. SHAMAN, EQUALITY AND LIBERTY IN THE GOLDEN AGE OF STATE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (2009) Justin R. Long 793
developments in state constitutional law: 2009
FREE SPEECH—AN ALASKAN STATUTE REQUIRING THE USE OF ENGLISH IN ALL GOVERNMENT FUNCTIONS IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL AS ENACTED. Alaskans for a Common Language, Inc. v. Kritz, 170 P.3d 183 (Alaska 2007). Maria Belko 811
SEPARATION OF POWERS—A “JUDICIAL TRIGGER PROVISION” VIOLATES THE KANSAS CONSTITUTION’S SEPARATION OF POWERS DOCTRINE BY REQUIRING COURTS TO ISSUE AN ADVISORY OPINION. State ex rel. Morrison v. Sebelius, 179 P.3d 366 (Kan. 2008). Kenneth Burden 825
EXECUTIVE POWER— THE GOVERNOR LACKS THE AUTHORITY TO UNILATERALLY BIND THE STATE TO A COMPACT IN CONTRAVENTION OF STATE PUBLIC POLICY. Florida House of Representatives v. Crist, 999 So. 2d 601 (Fla. 2008). Erik L. Coccia 841
EQUAL PROTECTION—WHY SEPARATE IS NOT EQUAL IN CONNECTICUT. STATUTORY PROHIBITION OF MARRIAGE BETWEEN SAME-SEX COUPLES IS VIOLATIVE OF THE EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE OF THE CONNECTICUT CONSTITUTION. Kerrigan v. Commissioner of Public Health, 957 A.2d 407 (Conn. 2008). Jessenia J. Concepcion 855
PRISONER’S RIGHTS—FAILURE TO SEATBELT PRISONER DURING TRANSPORT, WHICH RESULTED IN SERIOUS INJURY TO PRISONER, IS WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THE UNNECESSARY RIGOR CLAUSE OF UTAH CONSTITUTION. Dexter v. Bosko, 184 P.3d 592 (Utah 2008). Tina Eckert 885
SELF-INCRIMINATION—SENTENCING THE SILENT: A DEFENDANT’S PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION DOES NOT PROVIDE COMPLETE PROTECTION FROM A COURT USING SILENCE AS A SENTENCING FACTOR. State v. Burgess, 943 A.2d 727 (N.H. 2008). Alex G. Gross 903
SEARCH AND SEIZURE—VERMONT NONVIOLENT DNA SAMPLING STATUTE IS CONSTITUTIONAL. State v. Martin, 955 A.2d 1144 (Vt. 2008). Matthew P. Harmer 925
SEARCHES AND SEIZURES—NEW JERSEY RECOGNIZES AN INDIVIDUAL’S PRIVACY INTEREST IN THE SUBSCRIBER INFORMATION RELAYED TO AN INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER. State v. Reid, 945 A.2d 26 (N.J. 2008). James C. Jones, Jr.  939
TORT REFORM—SUPREME COURT OF OHIO REVERSES COURSE AND UPHOLDS LIMITS ON NONECONOMIC AND PUNITIVE DAMAGES AS CONSTITUTIONAL. Arbino v. Johnson & Johnson, 880 N.E.2d 420 (Ohio 2007). Kara Lee Monahan 955
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE—THE CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEE OF PROTECTION AGAINST DOUBLE JEOPARDY IS NOT VIOLATED WHEN A DEFENDANT IS CONVICTED OF, AND PUNISHED FOR, SEPARATE OFFENSES THAT CONTAIN DIFFERENT ELEMENTS. People v. Ream, 750 N.W.2d 536 (Mich. 2008). Jordan Padover 969
MARRIAGE—MICHIGAN MARRIAGE AMENDMENT BARS PUBLIC EMPLOYERS FROM PROVIDING HEALTH BENEFITS TO SAME-SEX PARTNERS OF EMPLOYEES. National Pride at Work, Inc. v. Governor of Michigan, 748 N.W.2d 524 (Mich. 2008). Kristofer A. Scarpa 995
FREE EXPRESSION—PRUNEYARD RELOADED: PRIVATE SHOPPING MALLS CANNOT RESTRICT PROTESTERS’ FREE EXPRESSION RIGHTS. Fashion Valley Mall v. N.L.R.B., 172 P.3d 742 (Cal. 2007). David E. Somers III 1015
EQUAL PROTECTION AND FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS—ANALOGIZING SAME-SEX MARRIAGE EXCLUSIONS AND ANTI-MISCEGENATION LAWS: CALIFORNIA OFFERS A MODEL FOR SUBJECTING SAME-SEX MARRIAGE EXCLUSIONS TO STRICT SCRUTINY. In re Marriage Cases, 183 P.3d 384 (Cal. 2008). Geoffrey N. Stark 1031
PRIVACY—WASHINGTON SUPREME COURT APPLIES WRONG STANDARD IN DETERMINING IF INMATE’S RIGHTS WERE VIOLATED BY PRISON’S FORCE-FEEDING POLICY. McNabb v. Department of Corrections, 180 P.3d 1257 (Wash. 2008). Jason Weiss 1069